Preventing termites is a top concern for homeowners – or at least it should be. Termites are small, but they are capable of costing homeowners thousands of dollars each year in damages.
A termite infestation can happen in every corner of the globe, but mainly in homes where people use artificial heating.
On an average, there are as many as 14 termite colonies for each acre of land. Therefore, it’s possible a single dwelling could have four colonies on the property, and 1 million subterranean termites can inhabit a single colony alone.
Termites destroy wood structures, entering from either the soil or the attic. Having said this, prospective buyers or current homeowners should be on the lookout for termite-related damages.
Want to avoid a termite colony sharing your home? Check out our top tips for preventing termites:
Step 1: Determine if You Have Termites
Termites find nourishment in the cellulose they eat. The cellulose they crave is in wood products or in actual timber like tree stumps.
You probably won’t see termites digging their way up from the ground, but if you take a look around your home, you may notice a few traces of their existence.
Probe for hollow spots around the wood structures using a screwdriver or something similar. You may even spot a swarm of termites around the construction of the home.
Step 2: Treating for Termites
You must form a chemical barrier to treat or prevent ground termites from entering your home. Some pesticides only treat the ground or wood for only a few years. Therefore, it should not be your only means of prevention.
There are a few types of termites: drywood, Formosan and Subterranean (ground).
However, drywood and subterranean are the most common of the three. Because construction materials are different, you will need to treat them differently.
Step 3: Choose the Best Termite Prevention Methods
Termites can be prevented and exterminated through a variety of methods. Homeowners must choose which is best for their circumstance. Options include:
- Physical barriers are done while construction is going up. Some companies use steel mesh or specific kinds of sands to act as a barrier. In few cases and settings, biological control agents like fungi and nematodes seem to have some success in preventing the pests.
- Chemical barriers are what pesticide companies use to protect buildings from termite infestations. These treatments (termiticide applications) are best done by professionals. If not done correctly, the chemicals could contaminate the home and drinking water.
- Bait systems help to reduce the amount of insecticide in the environment. The impact pesticides have on an individual’s health is cause for concern.
- Wood structures generally require protection by spraying on liquid applications such as Tim-bor, generally applied while building a new structure.
- Construction materials containing termiticides supply a protective covering that prevents termite infestation. It’s best only a trained professional perform the treatments.
- Drainage and ventilation are important to the life of a building. During the construction, the builder should leave enough space between wood and soil for ventilation, but cover the wood with a metal barrier or sealant.
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